With the symphonic poem "Fontane di Roma" Ottorino Respighi began his so-called "Roman Triology". As Respighi explains in his specially enclosed program, the music is intended to capture moods and images that the sight of the fountains creates in the observer. These were the first instrumental works from Italy since Vivaldi to become an international export hit.
The popularity of Gustav Mahler's "Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen" is probably based above all on the fact that they unmistakably tie in with the rich tradition of German vocal poetry, especially Schubert's "Die schöne Müllerin" and "Die Winterreise". Like Schubert's "Wanderer," who "had a destiny," Mahler's "Geselle" also got into an unhappy life situation through unrequited love, from which he tries in vain to escape.
And Italy again. This time from the perspective of a traveler: In 1830, Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy traveled to Italy. Inspired by his travel impressions, he wrote his fourth symphony. The result was a musical kaleidoscope of a country that at the time meant more to the young composer than sun, beach and sea. A symphony that is ahead of its time and looks to the future.